With the overwhelming number of Pear tree specimens growing around the world, it may be intimidating to select a specific type to grow. In both cases, you can grow them easily with simple gardening tips. The fruits are soft, sweet, and juicier as compared to Asian pears. Asian pear trees (Pyrus pyrifolia) fall into two main categories: Japanese and Chinese pears. Would you like to write for us? Cider pears (Perry pears) may be far too sour or bitter for fresh eating, but are used for making cider. Provided that you plant them in sunlit areas and fertile soil, most types of pear trees bear fruits with least maintenance. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Before long entire branches begin to look as if they’ve been burned… There are two common bacterial infections associated with pear trees. There are ten varieties of USA Pears each with its own distinctive color, flavor, and texture. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. When compared to the Barlett pear, this variety produces a juicier and slightly coarser flesh. Aside from the common pear tree, there are two other types of pear trees--the bradford pear and the callery pear. Many are yellow, as in upper image. There are three main varieties of pear tree: European, Asian, and hybrid. Pruning will not only keep them aesthetically looking better but will preserve them from their main enemy, that of wind or ice storms lopping off major branches. Pear Tree Trivia. At maturity, the tree grows to about 12 – 20 feet height with nearly similar spread. These cookies do not store any personal information. It is also the oldest pear tree type, and grows well in full sun and well-drained soil. Several species of pears are valued for their edible fruit and juices, while others are cultivated as trees. Pear trees can live up to 250 years and because of this, the ancient Chinese believed the pear was a symbol of immortality. Many major pear varieties are also grown in European countries and parts of Asia. Fruitless pear trees (Pyrus spp. Pear tree Planting a pear tree in Canada, even in the North, is made easy when you get the right variety. Prune fruit trees before the growing season and before flower buds appear. In a recipe specifying apples, substituting one of these pears can give joy. This pear is also often sold dried.Bartlett pears are medium sized and juicy. Ornamental pears (Pyrus) are among the hardiest and easiest to grow of all garden trees, able to tolerate low levels of drought and intermittently wet sites including clay soils. Wild and cultivated sorts are mentioned and cultivated types are named. Types of Pear Trees. Even those fruiting types blossom with attractive flowers in specific seasons. These trees, irrespective of the type, usually bloom in spring, while a few species are late bloomers. With so many different pear trees available, it can be confusing which is the right for you. There are three main categories of pear tree; Callery, European, and Asian. If you have areas that meet such growth requirements, you will definitely succeed in harvesting sweet pear fruits. It can grow up to 30 – 40 feet, and has an average lifespan of 15 years. Meanwhile, the European variety bears a so… Mention pear trees, and most people assume them as fruit bearing cultivars. This tree thrives in growing zones 5 through 9 and will reach 15 to 30-feet high with a 12 to 30-foot spread at maturity. Different cultivars have different canopies from high to low. Orient pear is excellent for eating fresh and canning. This is because most of the Asian pears and some European cultivars exhibit cross-pollination, which require companion plantation of another pear tree for pollination purpose. It would be worth trying in zone 2 as well, meaning that they can grow in Saskatoon, Regina, Edmonton, Thunder Bay or Winnipeg without trouble! In case of self-pollinated types, planting the trees adjacent to each other is not mandatory. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. A Pear tree is an investment that will bring productive joy for many years. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The modern types of eating and cooking pears, alongside true Perry pears, are varieties of Pyrus communis. The Orient is another popularly grown pear tree cultivar. Pear Trees: Our range of Pear trees for sale has just been updated with even more tempting Pear tree varieties to choose from! You can plant them in sunlit areas after frosting is over. Comice pears are perhaps the best pears for eating raw. Provide optimal growth conditions and your trees will bear fruits within 3 – 5 years of plantation. As a result, it is worth considering the following: Site: Pears need more warmth and sunlight than apples to fruit well. A Callery Pear tree stands at the 9/11 memorial in NYC. The Asian pear (Pyrus pyrifolia), which thrives in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 9, is available in many cultivars. There are three major red-skinned mutant clones: 'Max Red Bartlett', 'Sensation Red Bartlett', 'Rosired Bartlett' Good for eating, baking, cooking. The fruit is large, round-shaped, and smooth-fleshed. Both fruiting and ornamental pear trees require elevated planting site (if available), full sunlight, and heavy soil supplemented with rich compost. ), Dris, Ramdane, and S. Mohan Jain (editors.) Found in red flesh and yellowish-green flesh, it contributes to about 70 percent of the pear sold in the market. Information on Fruitless Pear Trees. Images Photos Details: The tree is known for producing a good crop yield, but it will need to be pollinated by at least two other types of pear trees in order to form fruits.Choose pear trees that flower at the … So make sure that when buying Pear trees you buy from the best range of varieties available. Some pears (especially older ones from the U.S. and Canada) are used for both cider and eating purposes. European pear trees comprise a few commercially important cultivars (Barlett is one of them), but they are excellent for growing in temperate climatic conditions. We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. (September 2004. Most fast-growing trees are generally not as long-lived as other slower growing types. Also, similar to apples, all types of pear trees require training and regular pruning to ensure healthy growth. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc.