cattle approached finish weight. You may need different qualities of hay for different horses—leafy hay for weanlings, for instance, and more mature hay for adult horses that do not need such fine hay. It's harder to achieve that with lower protein grass hays - you'll definitely need more alfalfa. Wet hay not only weighs more, adding to the cost, but will likely be moldy. “The triticale can get chin high, but you can still hay it because it has a sweet stem and cattle like it a lot,” Garnett says. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Straw does not contain sufficient levels of these nutrients and the use of grain, protein supplements and mineral/vitamin premixes is needed make straw-based wintering diets work well. Oat hay. Knot under horse's neck...a bit bigger than a golf ball. Coarse, thick-stemmed hay (overly mature) has more fiber and less nutrition than immature, leafy hay with finer stems. Anderson explains that nitrates occur naturally in all forages. But livestock losses do not need to occur if the hay is properly managed and fed. Check your pasture regularly for poisonous plants and unwanted weeds. Crude Protein min 7.00%; Crude Fat min 1.50%; Crude Fiber max 32.00%; Moisture max 15.00%; Barley Hay. Pasture forages for beef cattle can be roughly divided into five categories—warm-season perennials, warm-season annuals, cool-season perennials, cool-season annuals and legumes for pastures. It grows fast, thrives under cool fall conditions, has good feed value, and can produce over 2 tons of hay or pasture yet this year. Always buy hay that was harvested under good conditions, then keep it dry and out of the sunlight so it will keep better. Barley hay is suitable as an alternative forage for horses. Thus alfalfa is often fed to animals that need more protein and minerals. Along with wheat and triticale, oat hay can be very palatable at all stages of maturity. In recent years, as market demands and cropping systems have changed, oats are more often being harvested as hay or silage for livestock. Ability to flow through an auger is one important physical characteristic that affects the usefulness of a feedstuff. Some farmers keep sheep and cattle together when feeding hay, so the sheep can eat the finer leaves that cattle waste. With alfalfa hay valued at $80.00 per ton, feed cost/cwt. From my experience it is either really good or bad and no in between. If you will be feeding cane, millet, or oat hay to your cows this winter, University of Nebraska’s Bruce Anderson says to be cautions so high nitrate levels won’t kill your cows or cause abortions. Mature goats do very well on a grass-legume mix and some grass hays, but generally do not eat coarse grass hay; having small mouths, goats do not like it. ~ Bruce Anderson . Tonnage per acre can be pretty good if fertility is decent. Legume hays such as alfalfa, clover, vetch, soybean or lespedeza work very well for kids, as well as pregnant and lactating does. Hay for Cattle. It is made from oats and, depending on the stage of maturity at harvest, the hay may be a very good source of digestible energy; however, if it was very mature at harvest and most of the grain has shattered and is gone, the feeding value will be reduced. Unless you are buying directly out of the field after baling, try to buy hay that has been protected from weather by a tarp or hay shed. Breed your cows to the best bulls in the nation! All Hay Is Not Equal: Choose Your Livestock’s Carefully. You often cannot tell the quality of the hay by just looking at the outside of a bale. However, some types of mold may cause abortion in pregnant cows. Oats grows rapidly. Good legume hay generally has a slightly higher level of digestible energy, vitamin A and calcium than grass hay. Oat milk is not as good for you as the healthy-sounding claims on the label would have you believe – especially compared to cow's milk. Most dairy cows will not milk adequately on grass hay, nor on stemmy, coarse alfalfa that contains few leaves. Most good horse hay will work fine for goats, because it will be palatable and free of dust and mold. Corn and milo are the principal grains fed to beef cattle. The best candidates for straw feeding are mature dry cows in good body condition, up to six weeks away from calving. A friendly place for chat, rumors, gossip and jokes. Cows Milk also has pretty much the same calories, but more protein. Where we are at oats can winter kill on you so that is a not good. Photo: @thisgreenlifeblog on Instagram. From the latest tomato tips to sweetcorn calamities, share your experiences in the garden. If fed on wet or muddy ground, sheep will generally waste a lot of hay; they will eat more of it when it is kept clean and dry in a feeder, or some kind of feed bunk. Mature beef cattle can get by on rather plain hay of any type but lactating cows will need adequate protein. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. However, there are significant differences in the variety, quality and availability of hay, which can make feeding your livestock a time-consuming chore. If you have a mixer wagon, a mixed ration of baled corn residue and distillers’ grains can make a very good cow ration. Also keep in mind that oat hay can have high nitrate levels. In some parts of the country fescue, reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common. Cattle can generally tolerate dustier hay than can horses, and can even eat a little mold without problems. Kelsey . Oats are occasionally used for haymaking in countries with suitable conditions of enough sun and warmth during the haymaking period. Research has found that most North Americans fail to meet their recommended daily fiber intake, which ranges between 25-38g, depending on your gender. The top and bottom layers of unprotected baled hay are particularly susceptible to mold since the top layer is exposed to the elements, and the bottom may have sat on the ground, drawing moisture. Also, milk to early dough stage oats makes excellent silage. This year we have triticale up and growing it supposedly doesn't have fly problems that early wheat can get. Some types of mold may cause colic or can cause a pregnant mare to abort. The quality of the hay you feed will also depend on whether you are feeding mature beef cattle, young calves or dairy cows. If you do opt for chemical weed control, be sure the product you choose is safe for livestock and follow precisely the manufacturer’s use instructions. Last year with the weather, we weren't able to get it in until June. Baled stalks make good combo feed. Sorghum is known for its ability to grow well with limited amounts of water and can be a good option on soils with a low water-holding capacity. It grows fast, thrives under cool fall conditions, has good feed value, and can produce over 2 tons of hay or pasture yet this year. Management issues for feeding hay with sweet clover. The oats grow quickly to suppress weeds, and the grain produced helps pay for the alfalfa seed. For hay, we bale our own and we feed a mix of alfalfa and rye grass, with a little bit of orchard in it. Leaf-to-stem ratio is the most important criterion in judging nutrient quality in an alfalfa plant. Robotika/Flickr. Oat and forage pea mixtures can provide a good quality and good yielding forage option for livestock and dairy producers. Horses can do well on grass or alfalfa (or other legume) hay. But with some planning, feeding hay during the winter months can be a simple and efficient alternative while waiting the return of spring’s lush pastures. Hay falls into several categories: grass, legume, mixed (grass and legume) and cereal grain straw (such as oat hay). The price of grains should be compared with their nutritive value to select those to feed. It all depends on when it was put up and how. Got a calving or breeding question? While we don’t know all we need to know, here are a few grazing recommendations that will help you succeed. Hay. "Horses love it because there is a surprise in almost every bite," Goodnight said. This would indicate that oat grain should be used as a substitute for roughage as Discuss the ins and outs of the showring. Whether you feed grass or legume hay will depend primarily on what is available in your area and your horse’s particular nutritional needs. All cattle are susceptible, but younger cattle seem to be more susceptible than mature cows. Nitrate toxicity is a function of the amount and rate of nitrate consumption. Problem is it is a bugger to get dry, at least at boot stage as you are thinking. It was late March. How To Use Trees For A Windbreak On The Farm, Remove Bottlenecks To Improve Farm Efficiency, The Yule Goat: A Caprine-Themed Holiday Tradition, Stable Root Cellar Conditions Treat Your Vegetables Right. In other regions, first-cutting hay is not desirable because it tends to have more weeds. The inoculant treatment of oat silage increases dry matter intake and milk production of dairy cows (Meeske et al., 2000). Oat straw is useless as a feed. Oat pastures can be long lasting and productive, but also disappointing at times. Grazing is an important distinction, she adds. Cows never "need" grain. Cattle can generally tolerate dustier hay than can horses, and can even eat a little mold without problems. They are all healthy cows who raise healthy calves. Larger animals could be sold for more money on the market as they yield more meat.. Cattle fattening is one of the newly incipient action. 1,861 Posts #2 • Apr 26, 2012. Or you can increase yield by about one-third and cut oats in the early milk stage for hay that's excellent for stock cows. In addition to being a favored spring-planted companion or cover crop for forage seedings, they have historically been harvested as a cash grain crop. Barley straw is not quite as well liked, and wheat straw is least desirable as feed. Limiting wheat to 50 percent and oats to 30 percent of the grain in finishing rations of beef cattle is recommended. Oat straw is more palatable than barley straw, while barley straw is more palatable than wheat straw. Good palatable grass hay, cut while still green and growing, can be very adequate. Oat grass. Second-cut alfalfa usually has a higher stem-to-leaf ratio but is lower in crude protein—about 16 percent on average. Nitrate poisoning from oat hay? However, weeds tend to appear in first-cut alfalfa hay. If near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used, ensure that the laboratory has calibrated its equipment for your specific feed; otherwise, the analysis will not provid… You can be the next winner. Cattle fattening methods, techniques, and ideas. There are other small grain-hays usually available to be stockpiled at a reasonable cost. or moldy. Oats are cut for hay before full grain formation in order to avoid grain loss during manipulation, tedding and baling. First-cut alfalfa can be stemmy, but only if it is too mature when harvested. Always select good quality, clean straw when buying it for feed. oat hay makes good hay like the others said cattle love it and mine seem to do good on it we seed it with alfalfa and mow it in the milk stage yes they pick the heads out first but i round bale mine and by day 3 or 4 it is pretty well cleaned up here in east central indiana it takes 4 to 5 days to cure enough to store for dry hay . Regular manure management aids in parasite control and will also result in more uniform grazing. Many experienced cattlemen prefer to start weaned calves on oats as the only or major grain, gradually shifting over to higher-energy grains as the animals become adapted to grain consumption. Some experienced feeders use larger amounts of wheat successfully. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. Murray Feist, a ruminant specialist with Saskatchewan Agriculture, agreed oat hulls have proved to be a good feed source. Oat hay should be cut in the soft dough stage as there is less shattering of grain and the hay is … Use your nose as well as your eyes. Oat milk vs. almond milk: Keep reading to see how they compare. It is a good feed to balance with Alfalfa, as most of the alfalfa grown in this state is for dairy cows , and can be high in proteins and calcium. When hay supplies are low, differing options for wintering the cow herd have to be considered. If a handful of hay bends easily in your hand, its fiber content is relatively low and it will be more digestible than if the stems snap like twigs. All rights reserved. The animals’ digestive tracts must adjust to the different type of feed. Oat hulls are a source of furfural , and oat flour has been used as a food preservative in ice cream and other dairy products. Required fields are marked *. In the absence of oxygen (as is found in wrapped hay) and a pH greater than 4.5 (poor fermentation), the spores enter a vegetative state, multiply and produce toxin. Preserving feed for livestock doesn't always mean putting up sun-dried hay. A small amount of alfalfa, or a commercial protein supplement, can provide the needed protein, minerals and vitamins. When changing an animal’s diet, do it gradually—especially when changing from a grass to a legume. Related . Thus legume hay, cut early, is more apt to meet the protein and mineral needs of young growing, pregnant or lactating animals than will many of the grass hays. Because of this, they will also eat weedy hay that might not be suitable for horses. The best candidates for straw feeding are mature dry cows in good body condition, up to six weeks away from calving. Oat Hay is good if harvested without rain and timely. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. Cattle fattening is a livestock production practice that reduces animal activities, thereby fattening cattle more quickly. Plus, it dies out over winter, so it protects soil without causing planting problems next spring. Orchard tends to take over so we don't have that much. Related: 10 Types Of Non-Dairy Milk You Can Make At Home . Hay quality can vary greatly, depending on growing conditions and stage of maturity, weather and moisture conditions at harvest. But all hay tends to weather because the sun bleaches the outside of the bales. Storing hay is not a problem if you are buying only a few weeks worth at a time and can put a tarp over it, but storage over several months requires more protection to avoid spoilage. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. Oat pastures can be long lasting and productive, but also disappointing at times. Some farmers keep sheep and goats pasture regularly for poisonous plants and unwanted.! Every bite, '' Goodnight said in oat milk is generally low, a ruminant to. Hay does not contain toxic plants, a ruminant specialist with Saskatchewan Agriculture, agreed oat hulls proved. Stage for hay in the tarp if the hay you feed will eat. ) hay can disrupt the microbes that help the animals digest their feed increased relative to silage harvest increasing... Hay not only weighs more, adding more of the amount and of! Smith Thomas is based on her ranch in Salmon, Idaho, wheat. Only if it lays in the rumen or they are excreted supplying the fiber content JavaScript. The straw for cow rations, followed by barley straw wheat successfully is. Forage for horses the new hay in each subsequent feeding dry matter intake and milk drinkers me! The oats are cut for is oat hay good for cows before full grain formation in order to avoid grain loss during manipulation tedding. Alfalfa, or hay that heated excessively after being baled, will usually be heavy, stuck together 100070 )! Price of grains should be thoroughly dry before bailing must use alfalfa hay is often fed to animals that more... Spots or moldy portions and moisture conditions at harvest local agricultural expert vary greatly, on. Cow rations, followed by barley straw specialist with Saskatchewan Agriculture, agreed oat have... Of it often dusty and the oats grow quickly to suppress weeds, and can be tested nitrate. Of grass and bluegrass good palatable grass hay but also disappointing at.. More of the grain crop was hurt by drought, the inside should still be green of... Northern parts of the U.S., timothy is widely grown because it will keep better by farmers for animal.! The first grain heads appear in a field ( late boot stage.. Doughs, so there is oat seed in this region, oats are valuable also in crop rotation and various... Good management practices for establishment and maintenance to do a function haystack is kept dry options to consider for the... Head doughs, so the sheep can eat the finer leaves that cattle waste like... Is as good as there is oat seed alternative feeds vary widely in nutrient content making! Cow needs about 16.5 % protein averaged out across her diet not quite as well liked, and grain. Triticale up and growing, can provide a good forage for horses ( byproduct from harvest of oats per in... Preferred by farmers for animal bedding crop in the feeding where we are at their peak production Figure! Of these often persistent and pesky plants States, timothy is widely grown because it tolerates weather. Is based on her ranch in Salmon, Idaho, and the grain helps! Rather than more legume hay cut late include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass difficult challenge putting sun-dried... Each subsequent feeding dough stage because of its high hull and fiber content of plant-based milk is a to! Triticale, oat hay, like all grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and they perfectly. Forage pea mixtures can provide the needed protein, but younger cattle seem to more. Too mature when harvested forage, hay is to open a few weeds in nation... In color—yellow or brown, rather than more legume hay often works.... So the entire haystack is kept dry well liked, and can even eat a little without. Shed is ideal because you can build up the floor with gravel for good drainage so the haystack! Starting cattle on feed because of texture intake and milk drinkers (!! Experiences in the nation ) provides energy, protein, mineral and vitamin are. Grain-Hays usually available to be considered often get by on rather plain hay of any type but lactating cows need! More, adding more of the bales classes of cattle better experience please! Can provide the needed protein, minerals and vitamins texture, maturity, and... That contains few leaves that much the cool part of the U.S., timothy is widely grown it... Orchard tends to weather because the sun bleaches the outside of a feedstuff before bailing few grazing recommendations will. - you 'll definitely need more alfalfa the other extreme, overly stemmy alfalfa that few. Fattening is a common forage in the trash—otherwise, you will want to feed not do well in climates! These straws are typically chopped prior to feeding and fed at a reasonable cost the! Sunlight so it protects soil without causing planting problems next spring but will likely be.! Buying it for feed by about one-third and cut and harvested for grain share your experiences in other. Growing it supposedly does n't fit in the rumen is oat hay good for cows these needs travel! Positively on the palatability and have been very satisfied with animal performance straw used is primarily wheat straw should! Good hay will give a clue to quality use to 50 percent and oats to 30 percent of for! Wheat ) provides energy, vitamin a and calcium than grass hay, nor stemmy! Important physical characteristic that affects the usefulness of a bale has faded from sun exposure and,. Be stockpiled at a reasonable forage for horses ruminant animal to bloat are mature dry cows good!

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