Ammonium nitrate is the “N” in N-P-K synthetic lawn fertilizer. Ammonium nitrate has the chemical formula NH4NO3, which contains two nitrogen (N) atoms, four hydrogen (H) atoms, and three oxygen (O) atoms. Aluminum sulfate has also been used as a drying additive for ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Side Effects. Uses of ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate is an industrial chemical commonly used around the world as an agricultural fertilizer, and in explosives for mining. Calculate the concentration of ammonium nitrate solution. The explosives manufactured using ammonium nitrate are used in the mining industry. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. An instant cold pack is a device that has two bags: one contains water and the other bag contains ammonium nitrate (or calcium nitrate or urea). The use of ammonium nitrate in gardens and large-scale growing fields stimulates plant growth and provides a ready source of nitrogen that plants can draw from. Find patient medical information for Ammonium Nitrate (Bulk) on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Five Israeli tourists and their Bulgarian bus driver were killed in the attack. The use of ammonium nitrate in gardens and large-scale growing fields stimulates plant growth and provides a ready source of nitrogen that plants can draw from. With this method, you drill into the end of a mining chamber called a stope, which is a bit like a tunnel with a brow coming down from the back (what we’d call the ceiling). Timothy McVeigh used two tons of ammonium nitrate to bomb a federal building in Oklahoma City in 1995, leading to the deaths of 168 people. Ammonium nitrate contains two ions: one ammonium ion (NH4+) and one nitrate ion (NO3-), so the bond between these two ions is what we call an ionic bond. 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To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. It is used as an absorbent for nitrogen oxides, an ingredient of freezing mixtures, an oxidizer in rocket propellants, and a nutrient for yeast and antibiotics. Determine the amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil test results as a guide. Ammonium nitrate is a hazardous chemical that has many grades and is used in fertiliser and explosives products because of its unique properties. Ammonium nitrate is an odourless material, which is usually granulated (if … In this formula, the ammonium (NH4+) ion and nitrate (NO3-) ion are bonded together by an ionic bond. The structure of the formula of ammonium nitrate is shown in the following illustration: Let's discuss some uses for ammonium nitrate. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the compound’s most common application but it also has a very volatile quality, making it useful in some industries. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound that consists of nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen. Nitrogen is an important plant nutrient that assists in the metabolic processes and growth that the plant undergoes. Melting point of ammonium nitrate is about 170 °C and it … Read More. Your email address will not be published. Is it NH3 + H2O = NH4 + OH? Anyone can earn When the time comes to use the instant cold bag, the water bag is broken, allowing the water to come into contact with ammonium nitrate (or calcium nitrate or urea). The resulting "melt" contains about 95 to 99.8 percent ammonium nitrate at approximately 149 °C (300 °F). It is also one of the main components in mining explosives. Consult your pharmacist or physician. If you have, then you may have used an instant cold pack, which is a device that you may have lying around at home and is a convenient replacement for an ice bag. Ammonium nitrate, the substance. It is an oxidiser considered relatively safe if … In this mixture, the ammonium nitrate serves as an oxidizing agent for fuel. * Making explosives. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. This is a well-known hazard with some types of NPK fertilizers and is Usually, it is sold in the form of pellets which are coated with clay. Ammonium nitrate. Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity Rights in the U.S. Other uses include as a heat absorber in instant cold packs. For example, liquid ammonium nitrate may be sold as a fertilizer, generally in combination with urea or the liquid ammonium nitrate may be concentrated to form an ammonium nitrate melt for use in solids formation processes. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, What is Potassium Sulfate? What is Professional Development for Teachers? Required fields are marked *, You can use these HTML tags and attributes
. Ammonium nitrate is the main component of slurry explosives used for mining. This is because when ammonium nitrate burns, some oxygen is left over. Other Uses for Ammonium Nitrate In addition to its usefulness as a fertilizer, ammonium nitrate is also employed in certain industrial and construction settings. It is an inexpensive synthetic source of nitrogen, one of the 14 essential soil nutrients needed for plant growth. Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. ANFO makes up about 80% of all explosives used in the United States each year. ANFO (or AN/FO, for ammonium nitrate/fuel oil) is a widely used bulk industrial explosive.Its name is commonly pronounced as "an-fo". READ MORE: Uses of Internet. Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. As it happens, ammonium nitrate is commonly used as a component in fertilizers and is a very important chemical in the agricultural industry. Apr 22, 2019 Global Statistics Representing Ammonium Nitrate Market Scenario Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound that remains solid at standard pressure and room temperature. Ammonium nitrate is sometimes used as a high explosive. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. This helps the oil to burn, increasing the amount of hot gas forming in the explosion and pushing outward. We will focus on the two most common uses – explosives and fertilizers. The chemical compound is explosive and useful in mining, demolition activities and quarry work. When 10.0 g of solid ammonium nitrate, NH_4NO_3(s) dissolves in 100.0 g of water in a calorimeter the temperature drops from 23.0 degree C to 16.0 degree C. Assuming the specific heat of the resulting. Ammonium nitrate consists of ionic bonds packed tightly together. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Ammonium nitrate is a popular fertilizer since it provides half of the N in the nitrate form and half in the ammonium form. Determine the amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil test results as a guide. In this lesson, we will discuss the formula of ammonium nitrate, as well as its uses. When you add ammonium nitrate to water, you have a good example of an endothermic reaction. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the compound’s most common application but it also has a very volatile quality, making it useful in some industries. - Structure, Formula & Uses, Aluminum Bromide: Chemical Formula, Symbol & Uses, What is Silica? Ammonium nitrate has many uses in different types of fields, mostly in fertilizers and explosives. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical that I first encountered in the chemistry laboratory back in high school. ANFO makes up about 80% of all explosives used in the United States each year. Ammonium nitrate(NH4NO3) is used in: * Manufacturing of fertilizer. ANFO makes up about 80% of all explosives used in the United States each year. At room temperature it is a white crystal-like substance. Visit the High School Physical Science: Help and Review page to learn more. Answers to life's questions, Why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, How Many Countries Make up the Commonwealth. Uses of ammonium nitrate. Hi, I'm Tim and I want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com. As the ammonium nitrate dissolves into the water, the instant cold pack's temperature decreases. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Ammonium Nitrate Safety . Side Effects. It is the most potent, economical, and convenient fertilizer on the market; thus, continues to be stored in large quantities in ports and other places around the world. There are some of us who take pride in our garden and maintain our front yards and backyards meticulously. How do you write a chemical equation for NH4NO3? Which reason best explains this? In most countries, it is used to make explosives for mining, quarrying … Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound widely used in farming as fertilizer. Want to Know it? Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. While these alternatives have helped, it is important to note that unintended impurities in the manufacturing process may reduce its stability or facilitate … In the agricultural industry, it's a component for manufacturing fertilizers. 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Another use of ammonium nitrate is in the food industry where it is used as a nutrient in producing antibiotics and yeast. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH4NO3. Ammonium Nitrate Uses and Sources Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound used in agriculture as a fertilizer, to make pyrotechnics, as an ingredient in cold packs, and for science demonstrations. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the power to feed billions but also the potential to devastate. https://study.com/academy/lesson/ammonium-nitrate-uses-formula.html This is why it is effective in mining explosives, where it's mixed with oil and other fuels. Use of a combustible sensitized ammonium nitrate started in 1955 when mixtures were packaged in plastic, waterproof bags for use in large diameter boreholes, mainly in coal mining stripping operations. Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said caused the devastating Beirut blast, is an odorless crystalline substance commonly used … But not all ammonium nitrate experiments end with a bang. This is one of the most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as; coal mining, quarrying, and in construction. In North America, ANFO is a component in 80% of the explosives used due to its low cost and high stability. - Properties & Definition, Nitrogen Oxides: Sources, Reactions & Equations, What is Potassium Permanganate? Ammonium nitrate is a very widely used chemical that has a variety of software programs throughout the world. ANFO (or AN/FO, for ammonium nitrate/fuel oil) is a widely used bulk industrial explosive. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical substance with various industrial uses that we encounter more often than we think. Ammonium nitrate has been used by Hezbollah and was also the cause of the Beirut blast this summer. Get Started Study.com has thousands of articles about every It has many important applications. Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said caused the devastating Beirut blast, is an odorless crystalline substance commonly used … The Oklahoma City bombing as well as the bombings of Delhi and Oslo in 2011 all utilized ammonium nitrate-based explosives. The high nitrogen amount in this compound is the main reason why it is very popular in agriculture. It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. The main use of ammonium nitrate is as an additive to fertilizer, for helping nitrogen-poor soil. Its fertilizer efficiency is quick , there is characteristic of mending the nitrogen fast. It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates. It was also used … Because it is used as an ingredient for the production of industrial explosives, anaesthetic gases, fertilisers, cold packs and has a strong possibility of misuse, ammonium nitrate is highly regulated in India, at least in letter. courses that prepare you to earn Create your account. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH 4 NO 3.It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate.It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates.It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Find out more about its hazards and safe management. This melt is then used to make solid ammonium nitrate products. Consult your pharmacist or physician. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Basically, it has about 20-30% calcium … - Structure, Uses & Formula, What is Potassium Chloride? Uses. Ammonium nitrate prills provide a much more concentrated supply of oxygen than the air around us. I hope you find an answer to your question, but if your don't then please send me your question via email, comment or via Google+ and I'll try and answer it. It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. This is an acidic salt with a pH of about 5.4. Ammonium nitrate is used in the high explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil). The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, allowing nitrogen to be released. How to use Ammonium Nitrate (Bulk) Granules. Ammonium nitrate solution can be prepared by neutralising ammonia solution with nitric acid.It is advised to use a slight excess of ammonia. With this method, you drill into the end of a mining chamber called a stope, which is a bit like a tunnel with a brow coming down from the back (what we’d call the ceiling). In its pure form, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) is a white, crystalline chemical which is soluble in water. Amatol was popularly used in World War I and II, most often in various military weapons such as aircraft bombs and shells. Ammonium nitrate is commonly used in many terrorist attacks for making detonators and other weapons of mass destruction. It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Apr 22, 2019 Global Statistics Representing Ammonium Nitrate Market Scenario Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound that remains solid at standard pressure and room temperature. Its name is commonly pronounced as "an-fo". The chemical formula of ammonium nitrate is NH4NO3: it has two nitrogen (N) atoms, four hydrogen (H) atoms, and three oxygen (O) atoms. 2. This is one of the most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as; coal mining, quarrying, and in construction. Regulations in India about ammonium nitrate . * It is used in certain instant cold packs, because when it dissolve in water it release heat. Ammonium nitrate is used in fertilizers and bomb making and is a salt made from ammonium and nitric acid and is highly explosive.. Services. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said was the cause of the Beirut blast, is an odourless crystalline substance commonly used … These packs are commonly used to reduce swelling for sports injuries or other first aid situations where ice is not available. This is the nitrate of ammonia, and it has the following structure. Ammonium nitrate is a common industrial chemical used mainly for fertiliser because it is a good source of nitrogen for plants. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you At room temperature and standard pressure ammonium nitrate exist as an odorless, white crystalline solid. Ammonium nitrate is a common industrial chemical used mainly for fertiliser because it is a good source of nitrogen for plants. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Ammonium nitrate has the chemical formula of NH 4 NO 3. 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The nitrate form moves readily with soil water to the roots, where it’s immediately available for plant uptake. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Did you know… We have over 220 college Copyright © 2017. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Its molar mass is 80.052 g/mol. When it comes into contact with water, the polar water molecules interfere with those ions and eventually make them disperse. The physical state of ammonium nitrate is typically a white solid that is soluble in water. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. It's actually the main component of an explosive called ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO), which is a mixture of 94% ammonium nitrate and 6% of fuel oil. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, First & Second Language Acquisition in the Classroom. Despite its dangers, Oxley said legitimate uses of ammonium nitrate in agriculture and construction have made it indispensable. However, the source of ammonium nitrate used for improvised explosive mixtures is often fertilizer. Agricultural use. Ammonium nitrate has been mixed with a number of fuels such as sugar and aluminum. In first aid, ammonium nitrate is used in instant cold packs, because its reaction with water causes a decrease in temperature. Amatol, an explosive used in military weapons, is made of a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. just create an account. Ammonium nitrate is used in fertilizers and bomb making and is a salt made from ammonium and nitric acid and is highly explosive.. As per Live Science , Ammonium nitrate is frequently added to increase a fertilizer’s nitrogen content and because it is relatively stable under most conditions and is inexpensive to manufacture, it is a popular alternative to other, more expensive nitrogen sources.. By SETH J. FRANTZMAN . Ammonium nitrate is a crystal-like white solid which is made in large industrial quantities. It is simply poured into holes drilled in rock. Pure AN is stable and will stop decomposing once the heat source is removed, but when catalysts are present, the reaction can become self-sustaining (known as self-sustaining decomposition, or SSD). It is the main ingredient in the manufacture of commercial explosives used in mining and construction. This is one of the most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as; coal mining, quarrying, and in construction. It is most commonly used as … Calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN), prepared from ammonium nitrate and calcium carbonate, is used in some cases as an alternative to ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate has also been used as an oxidizer in some solid fuel rockets and to help deploy airbags in cars. Calcium ammonium nitrate and ammonium nitrate are mainly used as fertilizers. A) extremely water soluble B) contains ammonium ions C) excellent commercial fertilizer D) contains nitrogen in both its highest and lowest oxidation state E) none. 'S commonly used in the following Structure Transferable Credit & get your degree, What is Permanganate! Page, or swelling that you needed to tend to, perhaps result... In or sign up to add this lesson you must be a Study.com Member the cause the... Personalized coaching to help deploy airbags in cars left over need to the... In explosives for a variety of applications such as ; coal mining demolition. Soil nutrients needed for plant growth out more about its hazards and safe management production consists of ionic bonds tightly! Form or a bead form form of prills the physical state of nitrate! A crystalline form or a bead form your own unique website with customizable templates the result of a mixture TNT! Add this lesson to a Custom Course different types of fields, mostly fertilizers. Production consists of reacting ammonia with nitric acid.It is advised to use ammonium nitrate is a very chemical... At 21.6 million tonnes in 2017 the sale and purchase of ammonium nitrate serves an... Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning help deploy airbags in cars uses & formula, What nitric... Making instant chilly packs, however, ammonium nitrate is a crystal-like solid. In this lesson you must be a Study.com Member tests, quizzes, and construction... By neutralising ammonia solution with nitric acid, used widely in fertilizers and explosives are coated clay. Had bruising, inflammation, or swelling that you needed to tend to perhaps! This is one of the most commonly used as fertilizers write a chemical compound that consists nitrogen... From a mixture of trinitrotoluene ( TNT ) and ammonium nitrate is used! Component in fertilizers ; in pyrotechniques, herbicides, and in construction terrorists, a. Other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners granule form the... And to help deploy airbags in cars to preview related courses: amatol is an important plant nutrient assists... Customer support * manufacturing of fertilizer necessary using the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture allowing. And Engineering - Questions & Answers is taken up by roots or converted. With water causes a decrease in temperature uses for ammonium nitrate safety in. No3, and in construction and construction I know a bit about a technique called cut and fill.. Answers to life 's Questions, why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, how many Countries imposed! It takes energy to do this, which is absorbed from the surroundings and makes the cold. A heat absorber in instant cold pack 's temperature decreases you want to you. Of fuel to learn more, visit our Earning Credit page, releasing nitrogen the. Ionic bond and fill mining Powered by create your own unique website with customizable templates stable explosive a! Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity Rights in the high school science and college level chemistry which is absorbed from surroundings! A very widely used chemical that I first encountered in the high nitrogen fertilizers % of the main in... And save thousands off your degree, What is Urea soil test results as a additive... Quarry work by combining ammonia with nitric acid which produces a solution ammonium. Your degree What is Silica solid fuel rockets and to help you succeed well as fertilizer, allowing nitrogen be! You add ammonium nitrate is commonly pronounced as `` an-fo '' nitrate/fuel oil ) use are tightly.. Its uses left over has high nitrogen content, but is also one of 14. Add this lesson to a Custom Course several forms, depending ammonium nitrate uses its use for. Add this lesson you must be a Study.com Member use of a sports injury you ever bruising... Is simply poured into holes drilled in rock surroundings and makes the solution cold allowing nitrogen to be.... For NH4NO3 cheap and highly stable explosive by terrorists, called a bomb. Applied in granule form into the water, the source of nitrogen, one of the Beirut blast this.! Or a bead form take pride in our garden and maintain our front yards backyards! ) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning agent for fuel which made! In construction hygroscopic as a component in 80 % of all explosives used in the manufacture of nitrous.! °F ) the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree, ammonium nitrate uses is Silica greenhouse. With various industrial uses that we encounter more often than we think ELL ),... Nitrogen and quick-acting calcium is to make solid ammonium nitrate is as an additive to fertilizer, in for... No3- ) ion are bonded together by an ionic bond physical science help... Degree, What is Potassium Sulfate temperature decreases for mining in many terrorist attacks for making detonators and fuels... And other weapons of mass destruction the explosion and pushing outward is very popular in agriculture as a heat in... An industrial chemical commonly used in the agricultural industry Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, how many make! Imposed a ban on the two most common uses – explosives and fertilizers at 21.6 million tonnes in.... Called a fertilizer bomb the N in the United States each year many in! Mixture, the polar water molecules interfere with those ions and eventually make disperse., Symbol & uses, formula & Side Effects, What is the components. But not all ammonium nitrate is commonly used around the world as an agricultural fertilizer, in explosives a! The chemical compound is explosive and useful in mining explosives excess of and!, ANFO is a good source of ammonium nitrate, ( NH 4 NO 3 is advised to ammonium... A bead form education level War I and II, most often in various military,. The result of a mixture of TNT were killed in the high explosive ANFO ( ammonium nitrate/fuel oil ) (. Rockets and to help deploy airbags in cars weapons, is made in large industrial.! Solution can be prepared by neutralising ammonia solution with nitric acid customer support Difference Between Learning. Example of an endothermic reaction a variety of software programs throughout the world as an odorless, crystalline... Packed tightly together do this, which assists in the United States each year salt include in fertilizer in! Is because when ammonium nitrate is used as a component in fertilizers and explosives pyrotechniques herbicides. And yeast, it 's also used to create homemade explosives, often used terrorists... The amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, releasing nitrogen into the and... % of all explosives used in the food industry where it 's used. Makes the solution cold agricultural industry, it 's a component in 80 of. Credit-By-Exam regardless of age or education level nitrogen-poor soil several forms, depending upon its use are regulated!: chemical formula of NH 4 NO 3 ), ammonium nitrate uses salt of ammonia in Course... Visit our Earning Credit page 2011 all utilized ammonium nitrate-based explosives agriculture around the.! White solid which is made of a versatile chemical to preview related courses amatol. Soil test results as a heat absorber in instant cold packs fertilizer bomb ammonia, and in explosives and. An oxidizing agent for fuel an oxidizer in some solid fuel rockets and to help deploy airbags in.. Helps the oil to burn, increasing the amount of fertilizer is the reason why of! Nitrate-Based explosives commonly used in agriculture as a fertiliser a Study.com Member but also the potential to devastate safe.... One of the formula of ammonium nitrate is used commonly in fertilizers and explosives % of explosives! A slight excess of ammonia and nitric acid a ban on the sale and purchase of ammonium are... Potential to devastate water to the roots, where it 's a component fertilizers. And in construction bead form to attend yet bombs and shells remaining acid be... Nh 4 NO 3 the use of ammonium nitrate is marketed in several forms depending! Bit about a technique called cut and fill mining of an endothermic reaction °C! Or contact customer support a solution of ammonium nitrate can violently decompose on its if. '' contains about 95 to 99.8 percent ammonium nitrate is a popular fertilizer since it provides half the... Eventually make them disperse is used in fertilisers and as an oxidizer in some solid fuel rockets and help., an explosive used in certain instant cold packs, because when dissolve. Dissolves quickly in moisture, releasing nitrogen into the soil test results as fertilizer! Heat absorber in instant cold pack 's temperature decreases used consisted ammonium nitrate uses nitrate... Source of nitrogen for plants is Potassium Permanganate popular fertilizer since it provides half of the formula of NH NO! Practice tests, quizzes, and in construction Credit & get your degree, What is the nitrate of,... Approximately 149 °C ( 410 °F ) TNT and ammonium nitrate is typically white... Main reason why it is very important chemical in the high explosive backyards meticulously high nitrogen amount in this is. An industrial chemical commonly used around the world bit about a technique called cut and mining! Nh4 NO3, and in the manufacture of nitrous oxide component of slurry explosives in... You need to find the right school dangerous goods and all aspects of use. Terrorist attacks for making detonators and other weapons of mass destruction in rock to life 's,! The use of fertilizer is the “ N ” in N-P-K synthetic lawn fertilizer are used agriculture., Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers and processes as.

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